German Interest In Antarctica Goes Way Back

Antarctic Ice Poses Challenges For Germans

Dallman discovered the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Inseln at the western entrance of the Biskmarkstrasse along the Biscoue Islands. Exploring the polar regions, the Germans were already at this time quite innovative, for the GRONLAND was the first steamship to see the Antarctic ice at all. Within the next 60 years two further expeditional thrusts took place and two complete expeditions were fulfilled.

Germans Send Out Expeditions As Early As 1910

The 1910 expedition under Wilhem Filchner with his ship DEUTSCHLAND and 1925 expedition with the special designed polar expedition ship the METEOR under the command of Albert Merz. During the recent years before World War II the Germans claimed to hegemony about parts of Antarctica and the wish to possess their own bases grew stronger.

Antarctica Not A Safe Region For Germans

At this time the Antarctic was not safe due to international treaties and a pragmatic proof of Germany claim by a single strike to the South Pole on the eve of the war seemed to be the best option. Hitler himself was anxious for a foothold in the Antarctic and such a claim could be used pretty well for the Nationalsocialistic propaganda and a further demonstration of the uprising Superpower Germany. On the other side a new provocation of the Allies had still to be avoided for some time.

Germany Not Fully Prepared For Upcoming Conflict

Germany was at this time not completely prepared for the coming war. As a matter of fact, the idea of a semi civilian expedition in cooperation with the German national airline company, the ‘LUFTHANSA’ grew up. A civilian covered expedition with truly military and strategical background, a highly political charged balancing act. The command on this strike was given to the polar experienced Captain Alfred Ritscher, who had already led some expeditions to the North Pole and proved courage and skillness in critical situations.

Ship Selected For Very Special Assignment

The selected ship was the MS SCHWABENLAND, a German aircraft carrier used since 1934 for transatlantic mail delivery by special flightboats, the famous Dornier Wale. These Wales were mounted on steam catapults on the deck of the ship and could be started and refueled this way easily. This circumstance should proof very well during the expedition. The SCHWABENLAND was prepared for the expedition on Hamburg, Germany shipyards, which cost the huge amount of one million reichsmark, nearly a third of the complete expedition budget.

German Society Of Polar Research In Action

The crew was prepared and scheduled by the German Society of Polar Research precisely. This society also made the sensational step to invite Richard Byrd, the most famous American Antarctic researcher. In the middle of November 1938 he arrived in Hamburg and showed the crew and a clearly selected publicity of 84 persons his new Antarctic documentation movie in the Urania of Hamburg.

American Knew Secrets Of Land Mass Inside Planet

Byrd, who had flown across the South Pole as the first human in 1929, was already at this time a living legend, a national hero to the Americans and most of the polar researchers. In 1938 he still was a civilian. This invitation to the Germans could have been a typical irony of history, for nearly 10 years later exactly this Richard Byrd then in the rank as Navy admiral got the instruction to destroy the secret German Antarctic Base 211.

Hollow Earth Explorer Wages Secret Illegal War In Antarctica

To do this Byrd was given the command of the biggest military force on the Antarctic ice ever seen, 13 ships and nearly 4,000 men staff. That mysterious operation which is said to have ended in a catastrophical failure. The NEUSCHWABENLAND left the port of Hamburg on December 17, 1938 heading to the Antarctic on a precisely planned and determined route and reached the ice on January 19, 1939 at 4° 15´ W and 69° 10´S.

Germans Meticulously Map Area Via Aerial Means

The following weeks during 15 flights the PASSAT and BOREAS flew across some 600.000 square kilometers and made with their special designed German Zeiss Reihenmessbildkameras RMK 38 more than 11.000 pictures of the area. The old Norwegian maps from 1931 on these areas were renewed for they proved to be fake.

Questions Unanswered About Norwegian Expeditions

Could not be different because the Norwegian expeditions before did never go so deep into the ice from the used Northern landing point. Nearly one fifth of the whole Antarctic area was scanned this way thus documented for the first time and simultaneous claimed to be German territory. To stress this claim on the outside too, the two planes dismissed several thousands of drop flags, special metal poles with expedition insignia on them, the swastika.

Germans Discover Areas Free Of Ice, Lakes And Vegetation

The whole territory now got the still valid name, NEUSCHWABENLAND, referring to a south German region. Interestingly, the expedition seemed to have discovered ice free areas with even lakes and small signs of vegetation in the middle of the Antarctic. The geologists said that this phenomenon was due to hot sources in the ground. Concurrent, the landings points where marked with prick flags.


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